Gerincsérülés - hivatkozások


A gerincsérüléssel kapcsolatos cikkek az alábbi irodalmak alapján állítottuk össze:

- International first aid and resuscitation guidelines 2016 - IFRC
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- Bohlman HH. Acute fractures and dislocations of the cervical spine. An analysis of three hundred hospitalized patients and review of the literature in J Bone Joint Surg Am. 61:1119 –1142, 1979.
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- Davies G, Deakin C and Wilson A. The effect of a rigid collar on intracranial pressure. Injury. 27:647–649, 1996.
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- Dodd FM, Simon E, McKeown D and Patrick MR. The effect of a cervical collar on the tidal volume of anaesthetised adult patients in Anaesthesia. 50:961–963, 1995.
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- Hamilton RS and Pons PT. The efficacy and comfort of full-body vacuum splints for cervical-spine immobilization in J Emerg Med. 14:553–559, 1996.
- Hauswald M, Ong G, Tandberg D and Omar Z. Out-of-hospital spinal immobilization: Its effect on neurologic injury in Acad Emerg Med. 5:214 –219, 1998.
- Hoffman JR, Mower WR, Wolfson AB, Todd KH and Zucker MI.. National Emergency X-Radiography Utilization Study Group. Validity of a set of clinical criteria to rule out injury to the cervical spine in patients with blunt trauma in N Engl J Med. 343:94–99, 2000.
- Hughes SJ. How effective is the Newport/Aspen collar? A prospective radiographic evaluation in healthy adult volunteers in J Trauma. 45:374–378, 1998.
- Hunt K, Hallworth S and Smith M. The effects of rigid collar placement on intracranial and cerebral perfusion pressures in Anaesthesia. 56:511–513, 2001.
- Kwan I, Bunn F and Roberts IG. Spinal immobilisation for trauma patients (review). The Cochrane Library, 2009.
- Kolb JC, Summers RL and Galli RL. Cervical collar-induced changes in intracranial pressure in Am J Emerg Med. 17:135–137, 1999.
- Lin HL, Lee WC, Chen CW, Lin TY, Cheng YC, Yeh YS, Lin YK and Kuo LC. Neck collar used in treatment of victims of urban motorcycle accidents: over- or under-protection? in Am J Emerg Med. 29:1028–1033, 2011. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2010.06.003.
- Mobbs RJ, Stoodley MA and Fuller J. Effect of cervical hard collar on intracranial pressure after head injury in ANZ J Surg. 72:389–391, 2002.
- Panacek EA, Mower WR, Holmes JF and Hoffman JR. Test performance of the individual NEXUS low-risk clinical screening criteria for cervical spine injury in Ann Emerg Med. 38:22–25, 2001.
- Pieretti-Vanmarcke R, Velmahos GC, Nance ML, Islam S, Falcone RA Jr, Wales PW, Brown RL, Gaines BA, McKenna C, Moore FO, Goslar PW, Inaba K, Barmparas G, Scaife ER, Metzger RR, Brockmeyer DL, Upperman JS, Estrada J, Lanning DA, Rasmussen SK, Danielson PD, Hirsh MP, Consani HF, Stylianos S, Pineda C, Norwood SH, Bruch SW, Drongowski R, Barraco RD, Pasquale MD, Hussain F, Hirsch EF, McNeely PD, Fallat ME, Foley DS, Iocono JA, Bennett HM, Waxman K, Kam K, Bakhos L, Petrovick L, Chang Y and Masiakos PT. Clinical clearance of the cervical spine in blunt trauma patients younger than 3 years: a multi-center study of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma in J Trauma. 67:543–549, 2009.
- Podolsky S, Baraff LJ, Simon RR, Hoffman JR, Larmon B and Ablon W. Efficacy of cervical spine immobilization methods in J Trauma. 23:461–465, 1983.
- Raphael JH and Chotai R. Effects of the cervical collar on cerebrospinal fluid pressure in Anaesthesia. 49:437–439, 1994.
- Richter D, Latta LL, Milne EL, Varkarakis GM, Biedermann L, Ekkernkamp A and Ostermann PA. The stabilizing effects of different orthoses in the intact and unstable upper cervical spine: a cadaver study in J Trauma. 50:848–854, 2001.
- Rosen PB, McSwain NE Jr, Arata M, Stahl S and Mercer D. Comparison of two new immobilization collars in Ann Emerg Med. 21:1189–1195, 1992.
- Sandler AJ, Dvorak J, Humke T, Grob D and Daniels W. The effectiveness of various cervical orthoses. An in vivo comparison of the mechanical stability provided by several widely used models. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 21:1624–1629, 1996.
- Stiell IG, Wells GA, Vandemheen KL, Clement CM, Lesiuk H, De Maio VJ, Laupacis A, Schull M, McKnight RD, Verbeek R, Brison R, Cass D, Dreyer J, Eisenhauer MA, Greenberg GH, MacPhail I, Morrison L, Reardon M and Worthington J. The Canadian C-spine rule for radiography in alert and stable trauma patients in JAMA. 286:1841–1848, 2001.
- Stone MB, Tubridy CM and Curran R. The effect of rigid cervical collars on internal jugular vein dimensions in Acad Emerg Med. 17:100–102, 2010. doi: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2009.00624.x.
- Sundstrøm T, Asbjørnsen H, Habiba S, Sunde GA and Wester K. Preshospital use of cervical collars in trauma patients: a critical review in J Neurotrauma. 31:531–40, 2014.
- Sundheim SM, and Cruz M. The evidence for spinal immobilization: An estimate of the magnitude of the treatment benefit in Ann Emerg Med. 48:217–218, 2006; author reply 218–219.
- Tescher AN, Rindflesch AB, Youdas JW, Jacobson TM, Downer LL, Miers AG, Basford JR, Cullinane DC, Stevens SR, Pankratz VS and Decker PA. Range-of-motion restriction and craniofacial tissue-interface pressure from four cervical collars in J Trauma. 63:1120–1126, 2007. doi: 10.1097/TA.0b013e3180487d0f.
- Treloar DJ and Nypaver M. Angulation of the pediatric cervical spine with and without cervical collar in Pediatr Emerg Care. 13:5–8, 1997.
- Touger M, Gennis P, Nathanson N, Lowery DW, Pollack CV Jr, Hoffman JR and Mower WR. Validity of a decision rule to reduce cervical spine radiography in elderly patients with blunt trauma in Ann Emerg Med. 40:287–293, 2002.
- Viccellio P, Simon H, Pressman BD, Shah MN, Mower WR and Hoffman JR. A prospective multicenter study of cervical spine injury in children in Pediatrics. 108:E20, 2001.
- Zhang S, Wortley M, Clowers K and Krusenklaus JH. Evaluation of efficacy and 3D kinematic characteristics of cervical orthoses in Clin Biomech, Bristol, Avon. 20:264–269, 2005. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2004.09.015.